Homosexual behavior in animals is sexual behavior among non-human species that is interpreted as homosexual or bisexual . This may include same-sex sexual activity , courtship , affection , pair bonding , and parenting among same-sex animal pairs . [1] [2] [3] [4] Research indicates that various forms of this are found in every major geographic region and every major animal group. The sexual behavior of non-human animals takes many different forms, even within the same species, though homosexual behavior is best known from social species.

Bagemihl, in 1999, described more than 450 species , ranging from primates to gut worms , documented exhibiting same-sex sexual behaviors. [11] According to zoologist Petter Bøckman, [12] homosexual behavior has been observed in over 1,500 species. [13] [14] [15] [16]

The observation of homosexual behavior in animals can be seen as both an argument for and against the acceptance of homosexuality in humans, and has been used especially against the claim that it is a peccatum contra naturam ("sin against nature"). For instance, homosexuality in animals was cited by the American Psychiatric Association and other groups in their amici curiae brief to the United States Supreme Court in Lawrence v. Texas , which ultimately struck down the sodomy laws of 14 states. [26] [27]

Homosexual behavior in animals is sexual behavior among non-human species that is interpreted as homosexual or bisexual . This may include same-sex sexual activity , courtship , affection , pair bonding , and parenting among same-sex animal pairs . [1] [2] [3] [4] Research indicates that various forms of this are found in every major geographic region and every major animal group. The sexual behavior of non-human animals takes many different forms, even within the same species, though homosexual behavior is best known from social species.

Bagemihl, in 1999, described more than 450 species , ranging from primates to gut worms , documented exhibiting same-sex sexual behaviors. [11] According to zoologist Petter Bøckman, [12] homosexual behavior has been observed in over 1,500 species. [13] [14] [15] [16]

The observation of homosexual behavior in animals can be seen as both an argument for and against the acceptance of homosexuality in humans, and has been used especially against the claim that it is a peccatum contra naturam ("sin against nature"). For instance, homosexuality in animals was cited by the American Psychiatric Association and other groups in their amici curiae brief to the United States Supreme Court in Lawrence v. Texas , which ultimately struck down the sodomy laws of 14 states. [26] [27]

The emergence of social Darwinism, and by implication of scientific racism, swept away any notion of the noble savage and led to establishment of human zoos. Exhibitions of exotic populations became common in the 1870s in the midst of the imperialist ambitions and pride. In September 1906 William Hornaday, Director of the New York Bronx Zoo, exhibited a Congolese pygmy Ota Benga in a cage with chimpanzees, and subsequently with Dohong, an orangutan. The scientific purpose was to show the ‘missing link between man (white) and ape. The exhibition triggered protests, but the public loved it. Non-Western life was considered an animal park. The social Darwinist was a human zookeeper.

Homosexual behavior in animals is sexual behavior among non-human species that is interpreted as homosexual or bisexual . This may include same-sex sexual activity , courtship , affection , pair bonding , and parenting among same-sex animal pairs . [1] [2] [3] [4] Research indicates that various forms of this are found in every major geographic region and every major animal group. The sexual behavior of non-human animals takes many different forms, even within the same species, though homosexual behavior is best known from social species.

Bagemihl, in 1999, described more than 450 species , ranging from primates to gut worms , documented exhibiting same-sex sexual behaviors. [11] According to zoologist Petter Bøckman, [12] homosexual behavior has been observed in over 1,500 species. [13] [14] [15] [16]

The observation of homosexual behavior in animals can be seen as both an argument for and against the acceptance of homosexuality in humans, and has been used especially against the claim that it is a peccatum contra naturam ("sin against nature"). For instance, homosexuality in animals was cited by the American Psychiatric Association and other groups in their amici curiae brief to the United States Supreme Court in Lawrence v. Texas , which ultimately struck down the sodomy laws of 14 states. [26] [27]

The emergence of social Darwinism, and by implication of scientific racism, swept away any notion of the noble savage and led to establishment of human zoos. Exhibitions of exotic populations became common in the 1870s in the midst of the imperialist ambitions and pride. In September 1906 William Hornaday, Director of the New York Bronx Zoo, exhibited a Congolese pygmy Ota Benga in a cage with chimpanzees, and subsequently with Dohong, an orangutan. The scientific purpose was to show the ‘missing link between man (white) and ape. The exhibition triggered protests, but the public loved it. Non-Western life was considered an animal park. The social Darwinist was a human zookeeper.

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