Uploaded by AlexAitken on September 2, 2010

Uploaded by AlexAitken on September 2, 2010

Maurice-Francois Garin [2] ( pronounced  [mo.ʁis.fʁɑ̃.swa ɡa.ʁɛ̃] ; 3 March 1871 – 19 February 1957) [3] was an Italian -born French road bicycle racer best known for winning the inaugural Tour de France in 1903 , and for being stripped of his title in the second Tour in 1904 along with eight others, for cheating. [4] [5] [6]

Garin was born the son of Maurice-Clément Garin and Maria Teresa Ozello in Arvier , in the French-speaking Aosta Valley in north-west Italy , close to the French border. The name Garin was the most common in the native village of Maurice, called "Chez-les-Garin", [7] belonging to five of the seven families. [8] They married in 1864 when he was a 36-year-old labourer and she a 19-year-old employee of the town's hotel. [9] They had four daughters and five sons, of whom two were twins . Maurice was the first son. The cottage in which he was born, now a ruin, still exists. [8]

Garin worked as a chimney sweep, which again fits having been led individually across the mountains. Among the sub-prefect's reasons for stopping emigration was concern about "avid speculators who, claiming to teach a trade to young children, especially that of chimney sweep, set out to seduce their parents with promises and false hopes [to] get their children... to get a large profit from them by exploiting their fatigue, their misery and sometimes even their life.". [9]

La Geste de Garin de Monglane - Wikipedia


La chanson de geste de Garin le Loherain, mise en prose.

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