Samuel Johnson ( 18 September 1709 [7 September O.S. ] – 13 December 1784 ) was a British author , linguist and lexicographer . He is often referred to as simply Dr. Johnson in the history of literature and is regarded as the greatest man of letters in English history.

Boswell. Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D. Great Books of the Western World, vol. 44. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 1952. (Reprinted in the 1990 edition as vol. 41)

The establishment of a Polish state can be traced back to 966, when Mieszko I , [11] ruler of a territory roughly coextensive with that of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity . The Kingdom of Poland was founded in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented a longstanding political association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin . This union formed the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth , one of the largest (about 1 million km 2 ) and most populous countries of 16th and 17th century Europe, with a uniquely liberal political system [12] [13] which adopted Europe's first written national constitution, the Constitution of 3 May 1791 .

Following the Partitions of Poland at the end of the 18th century, Poland regained its independence in 1918 with the Treaty of Versailles . In September 1939, World War II started with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany , followed by the Soviet Union invading Poland in accordance with the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact . More than six million Poles died in the war. [14] [15] After World War II , the Polish People's Republic was established as a satellite state under Soviet influence . [16] In the aftermath of the Revolutions of 1989 , most notably through the emergence of the Solidarity movement , Poland reestablished itself as a democratic republic.

The origin of the name Poland derives from the West Slavic tribe of Polans ( Polanie ) that inhabited the Warta River basin of the historic Greater Poland region starting in the 6th century. The origin of the name Polanie itself derives from the early Slavic word pole (field). In some languages, such as Hungarian, Lithuanian, Persian and Turkish, the exonym for Poland is Lechites ( Lechici ), which derives from the name of a semi-legendary ruler of Polans, Lech I .

THE REGULAR MONTHLY MEETING OF THE TEACHERS’ ASSOCIATION of Baltimore city, will be held in the Western Female High School on SATURDAY, 7th inst., at 3 o’clock P.M. A. Hamilton, Secretary.

(Note: The ad was apparently placed on Oct. 6, and requested to run twice. October 7, 1865 was the sixteen anniversary of Poe’s death.)

This gifted but unfortunate genius, whose name will always be cherished by the lovers of true literature, died in this city sixteen years ago the present month, and was buried in a private grave-yard attached to the Westminster Presbyterian Church, corner of Fayette and Green Streets. No stone, not even a crude stake, marks the resting place of the author of the “Raven” and “The Bells.” The sexton alone knows the spot where sleep the remains of Edgar A. Poe.

Samuel Johnson ( 18 September 1709 [7 September O.S. ] – 13 December 1784 ) was a British author , linguist and lexicographer . He is often referred to as simply Dr. Johnson in the history of literature and is regarded as the greatest man of letters in English history.

Boswell. Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D. Great Books of the Western World, vol. 44. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 1952. (Reprinted in the 1990 edition as vol. 41)

The establishment of a Polish state can be traced back to 966, when Mieszko I , [11] ruler of a territory roughly coextensive with that of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity . The Kingdom of Poland was founded in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented a longstanding political association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin . This union formed the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth , one of the largest (about 1 million km 2 ) and most populous countries of 16th and 17th century Europe, with a uniquely liberal political system [12] [13] which adopted Europe's first written national constitution, the Constitution of 3 May 1791 .

Following the Partitions of Poland at the end of the 18th century, Poland regained its independence in 1918 with the Treaty of Versailles . In September 1939, World War II started with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany , followed by the Soviet Union invading Poland in accordance with the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact . More than six million Poles died in the war. [14] [15] After World War II , the Polish People's Republic was established as a satellite state under Soviet influence . [16] In the aftermath of the Revolutions of 1989 , most notably through the emergence of the Solidarity movement , Poland reestablished itself as a democratic republic.

The origin of the name Poland derives from the West Slavic tribe of Polans ( Polanie ) that inhabited the Warta River basin of the historic Greater Poland region starting in the 6th century. The origin of the name Polanie itself derives from the early Slavic word pole (field). In some languages, such as Hungarian, Lithuanian, Persian and Turkish, the exonym for Poland is Lechites ( Lechici ), which derives from the name of a semi-legendary ruler of Polans, Lech I .

Samuel Johnson ( 18 September 1709 [7 September O.S. ] – 13 December 1784 ) was a British author , linguist and lexicographer . He is often referred to as simply Dr. Johnson in the history of literature and is regarded as the greatest man of letters in English history.

Boswell. Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D. Great Books of the Western World, vol. 44. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 1952. (Reprinted in the 1990 edition as vol. 41)

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