The name India is derived from Indus , which originates from the Old Persian word Hindu . [20] The latter term stems from the Sanskrit word Sindhu , which was the historical local appellation for the Indus River . [21] The ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi (Ἰνδοί), which translates as "The people of the Indus". [22]

Hindustan ( [ɦɪnd̪ʊˈst̪aːn]  (   listen ) ) is a Persian name for India dating back to the 3rd century BCE. It was introduced into India by the Mughals and widely used since then. Its meaning varied, referring to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan or India in its entirety. [24] [25] [31] Currently, the name may refer to either the northern part of India or the entire country. [31]

India's coastline measures 7,517 kilometres (4,700 mi) in length; of this distance, 5,423 kilometres (3,400 mi) belong to peninsular India and 2,094 kilometres (1,300 mi) to the Andaman, Nicobar, and Lakshadweep island chains. [129] According to the Indian naval hydrographic charts, the mainland coastline consists of the following: 43% sandy beaches; 11% rocky shores, including cliffs; and 46% mudflats or marshy shores. [129]

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India - Culture Smart!: The Essential Guide to Customs.

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