The end of the Roman Empire is traditionally placed on 4 September 476 C.E. , as the Western Roman Empire fell to Germanic invaders. However, the Eastern Roman Empire , known to modern-day historians as the Byzantine Empire continued until 1453 C.E. From the time of Augustus to the Fall of the Western Empire, Rome dominated Western Eurasia, comprising the majority of its population. The legacy of Rome on culture, law, technology, arts, language, religion, government, military, and architecture upon Western civilization remains to the present day.

Who was the first emperor? is one of the never ending questions about the Roman Empire. Under a purely technical point of view there is no clear first emperor as the title itself was not an official post in the Roman constitutional system - rather, it was an amalgam of separate roles.

Octavian , his grand-nephew, adopted son and political heir, is widely accepted as the first emperor. He had learned from the mistake of his predecessor and never claimed the widely feared title dictator, disguising his power under republican forms much more carefully. All this was intended to foster the illusion of a restoration of the Republic. He received several titles like Augustus - the honorable one, and Princeps - translated as first citizen of the Roman republic or as first leader of the Roman Senate. The latter had been a title awarded for those who had served the state well; Pompey had held that title.

Mediolanum (286–402, Western )
Augusta Treverorum
Sirmium
Ravenna (402–476, Western)
Nicomedia (286–330, Eastern )
Constantinople (330–1453, Eastern)
[n 2]
Syracuse (663–669, Eastern)

The West responded with the Crusades , eventually resulting in the Sack of Constantinople by participants in the Fourth Crusade . The conquest of Constantinople in 1204 fragmented what remained of the Empire into successor states, the ultimate victor being that of Nicaea . [36] After the recapture of Constantinople by Imperial forces, the Empire was little more than a Greek state confined to the Aegean coast. The Roman Empire finally collapsed when Mehmed the Conqueror conquered Constantinople on 29 May 1453. [37]

The Roman Empire was one of the largest in history, with contiguous territories throughout Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East. [38] The Latin phrase imperium sine fine ("empire without end" [39] [n 8] ) expressed the ideology that neither time nor space limited the Empire. In Vergil 's epic poem the Aeneid , limitless empire is said to be granted to the Romans by their supreme deity Jupiter . [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] This claim of universal dominion was renewed and perpetuated when the Empire came under Christian rule in the 4th century. [n 9]

The end of the Roman Empire is traditionally placed on 4 September 476 C.E. , as the Western Roman Empire fell to Germanic invaders. However, the Eastern Roman Empire , known to modern-day historians as the Byzantine Empire continued until 1453 C.E. From the time of Augustus to the Fall of the Western Empire, Rome dominated Western Eurasia, comprising the majority of its population. The legacy of Rome on culture, law, technology, arts, language, religion, government, military, and architecture upon Western civilization remains to the present day.

Who was the first emperor? is one of the never ending questions about the Roman Empire. Under a purely technical point of view there is no clear first emperor as the title itself was not an official post in the Roman constitutional system - rather, it was an amalgam of separate roles.

Octavian , his grand-nephew, adopted son and political heir, is widely accepted as the first emperor. He had learned from the mistake of his predecessor and never claimed the widely feared title dictator, disguising his power under republican forms much more carefully. All this was intended to foster the illusion of a restoration of the Republic. He received several titles like Augustus - the honorable one, and Princeps - translated as first citizen of the Roman republic or as first leader of the Roman Senate. The latter had been a title awarded for those who had served the state well; Pompey had held that title.

Mediolanum (286–402, Western )
Augusta Treverorum
Sirmium
Ravenna (402–476, Western)
Nicomedia (286–330, Eastern )
Constantinople (330–1453, Eastern)
[n 2]
Syracuse (663–669, Eastern)

The West responded with the Crusades , eventually resulting in the Sack of Constantinople by participants in the Fourth Crusade . The conquest of Constantinople in 1204 fragmented what remained of the Empire into successor states, the ultimate victor being that of Nicaea . [36] After the recapture of Constantinople by Imperial forces, the Empire was little more than a Greek state confined to the Aegean coast. The Roman Empire finally collapsed when Mehmed the Conqueror conquered Constantinople on 29 May 1453. [37]

The Roman Empire was one of the largest in history, with contiguous territories throughout Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East. [38] The Latin phrase imperium sine fine ("empire without end" [39] [n 8] ) expressed the ideology that neither time nor space limited the Empire. In Vergil 's epic poem the Aeneid , limitless empire is said to be granted to the Romans by their supreme deity Jupiter . [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] This claim of universal dominion was renewed and perpetuated when the Empire came under Christian rule in the 4th century. [n 9]

For better or worse, the religious environment in the Roman Empire, the period in which Christianity first appeared and later dominated its civilization, is now fairly alien to us. Understanding it, however, is necessary if one is to understand the earliest development of Christianity.

The Greco-Roman world, at the start of the 1st century CE, was polytheistic. That is, people believed in a large variety of gods and goddesses, each the subject of a body of stories and rites, worshipped at various levels. The major exceptions to this were the Jews, who believed in a sole god, JHWH, and a few other sects, such as the dualist Zoroastrians (although in Roman times, they remained well outside the mainstream, as the Zoroastrian homeland, Persia, was politically and culturally independent of Rome).

As culture progressed, people learned more about the world, but they largely retained even many deities who covered natural phenomena that they knew about. For instance, preagricultural societies attributed fertility to the actions of spirits, but the advent of agriculture taught them a great deal about the subject, having discovered the significance of sperm and seed; nevertheless, fertility deities were retained into classical times.

The end of the Roman Empire is traditionally placed on 4 September 476 C.E. , as the Western Roman Empire fell to Germanic invaders. However, the Eastern Roman Empire , known to modern-day historians as the Byzantine Empire continued until 1453 C.E. From the time of Augustus to the Fall of the Western Empire, Rome dominated Western Eurasia, comprising the majority of its population. The legacy of Rome on culture, law, technology, arts, language, religion, government, military, and architecture upon Western civilization remains to the present day.

Who was the first emperor? is one of the never ending questions about the Roman Empire. Under a purely technical point of view there is no clear first emperor as the title itself was not an official post in the Roman constitutional system - rather, it was an amalgam of separate roles.

Octavian , his grand-nephew, adopted son and political heir, is widely accepted as the first emperor. He had learned from the mistake of his predecessor and never claimed the widely feared title dictator, disguising his power under republican forms much more carefully. All this was intended to foster the illusion of a restoration of the Republic. He received several titles like Augustus - the honorable one, and Princeps - translated as first citizen of the Roman republic or as first leader of the Roman Senate. The latter had been a title awarded for those who had served the state well; Pompey had held that title.

The end of the Roman Empire is traditionally placed on 4 September 476 C.E. , as the Western Roman Empire fell to Germanic invaders. However, the Eastern Roman Empire , known to modern-day historians as the Byzantine Empire continued until 1453 C.E. From the time of Augustus to the Fall of the Western Empire, Rome dominated Western Eurasia, comprising the majority of its population. The legacy of Rome on culture, law, technology, arts, language, religion, government, military, and architecture upon Western civilization remains to the present day.

Who was the first emperor? is one of the never ending questions about the Roman Empire. Under a purely technical point of view there is no clear first emperor as the title itself was not an official post in the Roman constitutional system - rather, it was an amalgam of separate roles.

Octavian , his grand-nephew, adopted son and political heir, is widely accepted as the first emperor. He had learned from the mistake of his predecessor and never claimed the widely feared title dictator, disguising his power under republican forms much more carefully. All this was intended to foster the illusion of a restoration of the Republic. He received several titles like Augustus - the honorable one, and Princeps - translated as first citizen of the Roman republic or as first leader of the Roman Senate. The latter had been a title awarded for those who had served the state well; Pompey had held that title.

Mediolanum (286–402, Western )
Augusta Treverorum
Sirmium
Ravenna (402–476, Western)
Nicomedia (286–330, Eastern )
Constantinople (330–1453, Eastern)
[n 2]
Syracuse (663–669, Eastern)

The West responded with the Crusades , eventually resulting in the Sack of Constantinople by participants in the Fourth Crusade . The conquest of Constantinople in 1204 fragmented what remained of the Empire into successor states, the ultimate victor being that of Nicaea . [36] After the recapture of Constantinople by Imperial forces, the Empire was little more than a Greek state confined to the Aegean coast. The Roman Empire finally collapsed when Mehmed the Conqueror conquered Constantinople on 29 May 1453. [37]

The Roman Empire was one of the largest in history, with contiguous territories throughout Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East. [38] The Latin phrase imperium sine fine ("empire without end" [39] [n 8] ) expressed the ideology that neither time nor space limited the Empire. In Vergil 's epic poem the Aeneid , limitless empire is said to be granted to the Romans by their supreme deity Jupiter . [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] This claim of universal dominion was renewed and perpetuated when the Empire came under Christian rule in the 4th century. [n 9]

For better or worse, the religious environment in the Roman Empire, the period in which Christianity first appeared and later dominated its civilization, is now fairly alien to us. Understanding it, however, is necessary if one is to understand the earliest development of Christianity.

The Greco-Roman world, at the start of the 1st century CE, was polytheistic. That is, people believed in a large variety of gods and goddesses, each the subject of a body of stories and rites, worshipped at various levels. The major exceptions to this were the Jews, who believed in a sole god, JHWH, and a few other sects, such as the dualist Zoroastrians (although in Roman times, they remained well outside the mainstream, as the Zoroastrian homeland, Persia, was politically and culturally independent of Rome).

As culture progressed, people learned more about the world, but they largely retained even many deities who covered natural phenomena that they knew about. For instance, preagricultural societies attributed fertility to the actions of spirits, but the advent of agriculture taught them a great deal about the subject, having discovered the significance of sperm and seed; nevertheless, fertility deities were retained into classical times.

Located just a few steps from some of the oldest and most precious ruins in Rome, including the Colosseum and the Roman Forum.

It boasts charming views of the Campidoglio, Palatin Hill, the Roman Forum and Venice Square. The Inn at The Roman Forum is the only luxury residence in Rome which actually houses Roman Ruins within it's walls.

 At the entrance, a passageway leads you to a Cryptoporticus; an exquisite stone gallery with engravings that can be traced back to 2,000 years ago. The five star accommodations are carefully decorated in a modern style and are luxuriously furnished.

On the roof terrace, guests can enjoy snacks from 17:00 to 20:00.

The Inn is Pet friendly.

Guests can enjoy a cup of coffee in the lobby at any time of the day using one of the Nespresso machines .

Ancient Rome - Wikipedia


Orbis: The Stanford Geospatial Network Model of the Roman.

Posted by 2018 article