The competing layouts devised for French (the ZHJAYSCPG layout put forward in 1907, Claude Marsan's 1976 layout, the 2002 Dvorak -fr and the 2005 Bépo layout ) have won only limited recognition.

The AZERTY layout appeared in France in the last decade of the 19th century as a variation on American QWERTY typewriters. Its exact origin is unknown. At the start of the 20th century, the French “ZHJAY” layout, created by Albert Navarre, failed to break into the market for the simple reason that secretaries were already accustomed to the QWERTY and AZERTY layouts. [4] [5]

A dead key serves to modify the appearance of the next character to be typed on the keyboard. Dead keys are mainly used to generate accents (or diacritics ) on vowels .

French Translation of “the key to success” | Collins.


Key to the English-French Exercises of Edgren s French.

Posted by 2018 article

513nhruWuUL