All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional.

Human evolution is the evolutionary process that led to the emergence of anatomically modern humans , beginning with the evolutionary history of primates – in particular genus Homo – and leading to the emergence of Homo sapiens as a distinct species of the hominid family , the great apes. This process involved the gradual development of traits such as human bipedalism and language . [1]

The study of human evolution involves many scientific disciplines, including physical anthropology , primatology , archaeology , paleontology , neurobiology , ethology , linguistics , evolutionary psychology , embryology and genetics . [2] Genetic studies show that primates diverged from other mammals about 85  million years ago , in the Late Cretaceous period, and the earliest fossils appear in the Paleocene , around 55  million years ago . [3]

Within the Hominoidea (apes) superfamily, the Hominidae family diverged from the Hylobatidae (gibbon) family some 15–20 million years ago; African great apes (subfamily Homininae ) diverged from orangutans ( Ponginae ) about 14  million years ago ; the Hominini tribe (humans, Australopithecines and other extinct biped genera, and chimpanzee ) parted from the Gorillini tribe (gorillas) between 9  million years ago and 8  million years ago ; and, in turn, the subtribes Hominina (humans and biped ancestors) and Panina (chimps) separated about 7.5  million years ago to 5.6  million years ago . [4]

evolve 1640s, "to unfold, open out, expand," from L. evolvere "unroll," from ex- "out" + volvere "to roll" (see vulva). Related: Evolved; evolving.

All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional.

All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional.

Human evolution is the evolutionary process that led to the emergence of anatomically modern humans , beginning with the evolutionary history of primates – in particular genus Homo – and leading to the emergence of Homo sapiens as a distinct species of the hominid family , the great apes. This process involved the gradual development of traits such as human bipedalism and language . [1]

The study of human evolution involves many scientific disciplines, including physical anthropology , primatology , archaeology , paleontology , neurobiology , ethology , linguistics , evolutionary psychology , embryology and genetics . [2] Genetic studies show that primates diverged from other mammals about 85  million years ago , in the Late Cretaceous period, and the earliest fossils appear in the Paleocene , around 55  million years ago . [3]

Within the Hominoidea (apes) superfamily, the Hominidae family diverged from the Hylobatidae (gibbon) family some 15–20 million years ago; African great apes (subfamily Homininae ) diverged from orangutans ( Ponginae ) about 14  million years ago ; the Hominini tribe (humans, Australopithecines and other extinct biped genera, and chimpanzee ) parted from the Gorillini tribe (gorillas) between 9  million years ago and 8  million years ago ; and, in turn, the subtribes Hominina (humans and biped ancestors) and Panina (chimps) separated about 7.5  million years ago to 5.6  million years ago . [4]

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