Antwerp ( / ˈ æ n t w ɜːr p /  (   listen ) , Dutch : Antwerpen [ˈɑntʋɛrpə(n)]  (   listen ) , French : Anvers [ɑ̃vɛʁ(s)] ) is a Flemish city in Belgium , and is the capital of Antwerp province in the community of Flanders . With a population of 520,504, [2] it is the most populous city proper in Belgium. Its metropolitan area houses around 1,200,000 people, coming in second behind Brussels . [3] [4]

Antwerp is on the River Scheldt , linked to the North Sea by the Westerschelde estuary. It is about 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of Brussels, and about 15 kilometres (9 mi) from the Dutch border. The Port of Antwerp is one of the biggest in the world, ranking second in Europe [5] [6] and within the top 20 globally . [7] Antwerp was also the place of the world's oldest stock exchange building, originally built in 1531 and re-built in 1872, it has been derelict since 1997. [8]

Antwerp has long been an important city in the Low Countries , both economically and culturally, especially before the Spanish Fury (1576) in the Dutch Revolt . The inhabitants of Antwerp are nicknamed Sinjoren , after the Spanish honorific señor or French seigneur , "lord", referring to the Spanish noblemen who ruled the city in the 17th century. [9] Today Antwerp is a major trade and cultural centre, and is the world's second most multi-cultural city (after Amsterdam ) home to 170 nationalities. [10] [11] It is also known as "the diamond capital of the world" for its large diamond district . [12] The city hosted the 1920 Summer Olympics .

Antwerp ( / ˈ æ n t w ɜːr p /  (   listen ) , Dutch : Antwerpen [ˈɑntʋɛrpə(n)]  (   listen ) , French : Anvers [ɑ̃vɛʁ(s)] ) is a Flemish city in Belgium , and is the capital of Antwerp province in the community of Flanders . With a population of 520,504, [2] it is the most populous city proper in Belgium. Its metropolitan area houses around 1,200,000 people, coming in second behind Brussels . [3] [4]

Antwerp is on the River Scheldt , linked to the North Sea by the Westerschelde estuary. It is about 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of Brussels, and about 15 kilometres (9 mi) from the Dutch border. The Port of Antwerp is one of the biggest in the world, ranking second in Europe [5] [6] and within the top 20 globally . [7] Antwerp was also the place of the world's oldest stock exchange building, originally built in 1531 and re-built in 1872, it has been derelict since 1997. [8]

Antwerp has long been an important city in the Low Countries , both economically and culturally, especially before the Spanish Fury (1576) in the Dutch Revolt . The inhabitants of Antwerp are nicknamed Sinjoren , after the Spanish honorific señor or French seigneur , "lord", referring to the Spanish noblemen who ruled the city in the 17th century. [9] Today Antwerp is a major trade and cultural centre, and is the world's second most multi-cultural city (after Amsterdam ) home to 170 nationalities. [10] [11] It is also known as "the diamond capital of the world" for its large diamond district . [12] The city hosted the 1920 Summer Olympics .

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Antwerp ( / ˈ æ n t w ɜːr p /  (   listen ) , Dutch : Antwerpen [ˈɑntʋɛrpə(n)]  (   listen ) , French : Anvers [ɑ̃vɛʁ(s)] ) is a Flemish city in Belgium , and is the capital of Antwerp province in the community of Flanders . With a population of 520,504, [2] it is the most populous city proper in Belgium. Its metropolitan area houses around 1,200,000 people, coming in second behind Brussels . [3] [4]

Antwerp is on the River Scheldt , linked to the North Sea by the Westerschelde estuary. It is about 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of Brussels, and about 15 kilometres (9 mi) from the Dutch border. The Port of Antwerp is one of the biggest in the world, ranking second in Europe [5] [6] and within the top 20 globally . [7] Antwerp was also the place of the world's oldest stock exchange building, originally built in 1531 and re-built in 1872, it has been derelict since 1997. [8]

Antwerp has long been an important city in the Low Countries , both economically and culturally, especially before the Spanish Fury (1576) in the Dutch Revolt . The inhabitants of Antwerp are nicknamed Sinjoren , after the Spanish honorific señor or French seigneur , "lord", referring to the Spanish noblemen who ruled the city in the 17th century. [9] Today Antwerp is a major trade and cultural centre, and is the world's second most multi-cultural city (after Amsterdam ) home to 170 nationalities. [10] [11] It is also known as "the diamond capital of the world" for its large diamond district . [12] The city hosted the 1920 Summer Olympics .

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Mary Lindemann, The Merchant Republics: Amsterdam, Antwerp, and Hamburg, 1648-1790 . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014. xv + 356 pp. $99 (hardback), ISBN: 978-1-107-07443-9.

The title of the book does not simply describe the common features of the three cities studied. It also advances a specific historical interpretation (p. 310). What The Merchant Republics , in all its nuance and complexity, argues is that in the commercial ports of north-western Europe a peculiar republicanism developed that was compatible with a highly commercial society (quite contrary to Pocock’s classical republicanism), and that celebrated trade and merchants for their republican virtues. As valuable and generally convincing as this interpretation is, it also raises many questions, some of which unfortunately remain unanswered in the book.

The applicability of the term “merchant republic” to this or that city and this or that timeframe can be endlessly debated, but Lindemann shows that as a conceptual framework for understanding politics, self-representation and economic thought in eighteenth-century North-Western Europe it has clear value. Moreover, as a historical interpretation it serves as a useful reminder that both “republicanism” and “mercantile mentalities” could take many forms in early modern Europe. However, first and foremost this volume is a rich and erudite account of political economy in three different stages of success and decline in merchant capitalism.

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The Merchant of Antwerp (Classic Reprint): Hendrick.

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