War is a state of armed conflict between states or societies . It is generally characterized by extreme aggression , destruction, and mortality, using regular or irregular military forces . An absence of war is usually called " peace ". Warfare refers to the common activities and characteristics of types of war, or of wars in general. [1] Total war is warfare that is not restricted to purely legitimate military targets , and can result in massive civilian or other non-combatant suffering and casualties .

While some scholars see war as a universal and ancestral aspect of human nature , [2] others argue it is a result of specific socio-cultural or ecological circumstances. [3]

The scholarly study of war is sometimes called polemology ( / ˌ p ɒ l ə ˈ m ɒ l ə dʒ i / POL -ə- MOL -ə-jee ), from the Greek polemos , meaning "war", and -logy , meaning "the study of".

Authors: Rachel Sheffield and Robert Rector

This week, the U.S. Census Bureau is scheduled to release its annual poverty report. The report will be notable because this year marks the 50th anniversary of the launch of President Lyndon Johnson’s War on Poverty. In his January 1964 State of the Union address, Johnson proclaimed, “This administration today, here and now, declares unconditional war on poverty in America.” [1]

Since that time, U.S. taxpayers have spent over $22 trillion on anti-poverty programs (in constant 2012 dollars). Adjusted for inflation, this spending (which does not include Social Security or Medicare) is three times the cost of all military wars in U.S. history since the American Revolution. Despite this mountain of spending, progress against poverty, at least as measured by the government, has been minimal.

War is a state of armed conflict between states or societies . It is generally characterized by extreme aggression , destruction, and mortality, using regular or irregular military forces . An absence of war is usually called " peace ". Warfare refers to the common activities and characteristics of types of war, or of wars in general. [1] Total war is warfare that is not restricted to purely legitimate military targets , and can result in massive civilian or other non-combatant suffering and casualties .

While some scholars see war as a universal and ancestral aspect of human nature , [2] others argue it is a result of specific socio-cultural or ecological circumstances. [3]

The scholarly study of war is sometimes called polemology ( / ˌ p ɒ l ə ˈ m ɒ l ə dʒ i / POL -ə- MOL -ə-jee ), from the Greek polemos , meaning "war", and -logy , meaning "the study of".

Katherine Parr - Tudor History


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